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|Title:||Upstream and downstream co-inhibition of mitogen-activated protein kinase and PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathways in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma||Authors:||Wong, Matthew ;Xue, A.;Baxter, R.C.;Pavlakis, N.;Smith, R.C.||Affliation:||Central Coast Local Health District
|Issue Date:||Jul-2016||Source:||18(7):425-35||Journal title:||Neoplasia||Department:||Medical Oncology||Abstract:||BACKGROUND: Extensive cross talk exists between PI3K/Akt/mTOR and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways, and both are upregulated in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Our previous study suggested that epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor erlotinib which acts upstream of these pathways acts synergistically with PI3K inhibitors in PDAC. Horizontal combined blockade upstream and downstream of these two pathways is therefore explored. METHODS: Erlotinib paired with PI3K inhibitor (BYL719) was tested against erlotinib plus dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor BEZ-235, and MEK inhibitor (PD98059) plus BEZ235, on five primary PDAC cell lines and on two pairs of parent and erlotinib-resistant (ER) cell lines. A range of in vitro assays including cell proliferation, Western blotting, migration, clonogenic, cell cycle, and apopotic assays was used to test for the efficacy of combined blockade. RESULTS: Dual downstream blockade of the MAPK and PAM pathways was more effective in attenuating downstream molecular signals. Synergy was demonstrated for erlotinib and BEZ235 and for PD-98059 and BEZ-235. This resulted in a trend of increased growth cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, cell proliferation, and colony and migration suppression. This combination showed more efficacy in cell lines with acquired resistance to erlotinib. CONCLUSIONS: The additional mTOR blockade provided by BEZ235 in combined blockade resulted in increased anticancer effect. The hypersensitivity of ER cell lines to additional mTOR blockade suggested PAM pathway oncogenic dependence via mTOR. Dual downstream combined blockade of MAPK and PAM pathways with MEK and PI3K/mTOR inhibitor appeared most effective and represents an attractive therapeutic strategy against pancreatic cancer and its associated drug resistance.||URI:||https://elibrary.cclhd.health.nsw.gov.au/cclhdjspui/handle/1/1000||DOI:||10.1016/j.neo.2016.06.001||Pubmed:||https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27435925||ISSN:||1522-8002||Publicaton type:||Journal Article||Keywords:||Cancer|
|Appears in Collections:||Health Service Research|
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