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Title: Association Between Neurological Outcomes Related to Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage and Onsite Access to Neurointerventional Radiology
Authors: Mogollon, Jorge P ;Smoll, N.R.;Panwar, R.
Affliation: Central Coast Local Health District
Gosford Hospital
Issue Date: Feb-2018
Source: 113:e29-e37
Journal title: World Neurosurgery
Department: Intensive Care
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: An onsite access to neurointerventional radiology (NIR) may be useful for managing patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) after the aneurysm-securing procedure. We aimed to assess the association between neurological outcomes related to aSAH and onsite access to NIR service. METHODS: This was a sequential period study of 47 patients with aSAH admitted consecutively during the pre-NIR period (January 2010 to June 2012) compared with 81 patients with aSAH admitted consecutively during the post-NIR period (January 2013 to June 2015) at an academic tertiary referral intensive care unit (ICU). The primary end point was the incidence of poor neurological outcome, defined as modified Rankin scale of ≥3 at 6 months from ictus. Secondary outcomes included incidence of symptomatic vasospasm (SV) and length of stay in ICU/hospital. RESULTS: The primary end point was observed in 18 of 47 (38%) patients during the pre-NIR period versus 25 of 81 (31%) patients during the post-NIR period (P = 0.39). The post-NIR period did not have an independent impact on neurological outcomes (adjusted odds ratio = 0.8, 95% confidence interval 0.3-2.1; P = 0.66). Of the patients who developed SV, 10 of 47 (21%) were during the pre-NIR period versus 33 of 81 (41%) during the post-NIR period (P = 0.02). The post-NIR period and higher Fisher grade were independent predictors of SV. Patients with SV had similar outcomes, but with longer stay in ICU during the post-NIR period compared with the pre-NIR period. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with aSAH, the post-NIR period was associated with more frequent detection of SV, more endovascular procedures, longer hospital stay, but with no appreciable improvement in neurological outcomes either overall or in the subset of patients with SV.
DOI: 10.1016/j.wneu.2018.01.121
ISSN: 1878-8750
Publicaton type: Journal Article
Keywords: Neurology
Appears in Collections:Neurology

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