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dc.contributor.authorSturm, Jonathan-
dc.contributor.otherWhite, J.H.-
dc.contributor.otherMagin, P.-
dc.contributor.otherAttia, J.-
dc.contributor.otherMcElduff, P.-
dc.contributor.otherCarter, G.-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL) post stroke is common, though prevalence estimates vary considerably. Few longitudinal studies explore post-stroke patterns of HRQoL and factors contributing to their change over time. Accurately identifying HRQoL after stroke is essential to understanding the extent of stroke effects. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess change in levels of, and identify independent predictors of, HRQoL over the first 12-months post-stroke. METHODS: Design. A prospective cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling stroke survivors in metropolitan Newcastle, New South Wales (NSW), Australia. Consecutively recruited stroke patients (n = 134) participated in face-to-face interviews at baseline, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. OUTCOME MEASURE: HRQoL (measured using the Assessment Quality-of-life).Independent measures. Physical and psycho-social functioning, including depression and anxiety (measured via Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), disability (Modified Rankin Scale), social support (Multi-dimensional Scale Perceived Social Support) and community participation (Adelaide Activities Profile). ANALYSES: A linear mixed model was used to establish the predictors of, change in HRQoL over time. RESULTS: On multivariable analysis, HRQOL did not change significantly with time post-stroke. Higher HRQoL scores were independently associated with higher baseline HRQoL (P = 0.03), younger age (P = 0.006), lower disability (P = 0.003), greater community participation (P </= 0.001) and no history of depression (P = 0.03). CONCLUSION: These results contribute to an understanding of HRQoL in the first year post-stroke. Community participation and stroke-related disability are potentially modifiable risk factors affecting post-stroke HRQoL. Interventions aimed at addressing participation and disability post-stroke should be developed and tested.en
dc.titlePredictors of health-related quality of life in community-dwelling stroke survivors: a cohort studyen
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.description.affiliatesCentral Coast Local Health Districten
dc.description.affiliatesGosford Hospitalen
dc.identifier.journaltitleFamily practiceen
item.openairetypeJournal Article-
item.fulltextNo Fulltext-
Appears in Collections:Neurology
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