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dc.contributor.authorSturm, Jonathanen
dc.contributor.otherDonnan, G.A.en
dc.contributor.otherDewey, H.M.en
dc.contributor.otherMacdonell, R.A.en
dc.contributor.otherGilligan, A.K.en
dc.contributor.otherSrikanth, V.K.en
dc.contributor.otherThrift, A.G.en
dc.identifier.citationVolume 35, Issue 10, pp. 2340 -2345en
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) data are scarce from unselected populations. The aims were to assess HRQoL at 2 years poststroke, to identify determinants of HRQoL in stroke survivors, and to identify predictors at stroke onset of subsequent HRQoL. METHODS: All first-ever cases of stroke in a population of 306 631 over a 1-year period were assessed. Stroke severity, comorbidity, and demographic information were recorded. Two-year poststroke HRQoL was assessed using the Assessment of Quality of Life (AQoL) instrument (deceased patients score=0). Handicap, disability, physical impairment, depression, anxiety, living arrangements, and recurrent stroke at 2 years were documented. If necessary, proxy assessments were obtained, except for mood. Linear regression analyses were performed to identify factors independently associated with HRQoL. RESULTS: Of 266 incident cases alive at 2 years, 225 (85%) were assessed. The mean AQoL utility score for all survivors was 0.47 (95% CI, 0.42 to 0.52). Almost 25% of survivors had a score of < or =0.1. The independent determinants of HRQoL in survivors were handicap, physical impairment, anxiety and depression, disability, institutionalization, dementia, and age. The factors present at stroke onset that independently predicted HRQoL at 2 years poststroke were age, female sex, initial NIHSS score, neglect, and low socioeconomic status. CONCLUSIONS: A substantial proportion of stroke survivors have very poor HRQoL. Interventions targeting handicap and mood have the potential to improve HRQoL independently of physical impairment and disability.en
dc.titleQuality of life after stroke: the North East Melbourne Stroke Incidence Study (NEMESIS)en
dc.typeJournal Articleen
item.openairetypeJournal Article-
item.fulltextNo Fulltext-
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