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Title: Poor outcomes for trial‐ineligible patients receiving polatuzumab for relapsed/refractory diffuse large B‐cell lymphoma in routine care: An Australian Lymphoma and Related Diseases Registry project
Authors: Shaw, Briony;Chung, Eliza;Wellard, Cameron;Yoo, Edward;Bennett, Rory;Birks, Callum;Johnston, Anna;Cheah, Chan Y;Hamad, Nada;Simpson, Jock;Barraclough, Allison;Ku, Matthew;Viiala, Nicholas;Ratnasingam, Sumita;Armytage, Tasman ;Cochrane, Tara;Chong, Geoffrey;Lee, Denise;Manos, Kate;Keane, Colm;Wallwork, Stephanie;Opat, Stephen;Hawkes, Eliza A
Affliation: Central Coast Local Health District
Gosford Hospital
Issue Date: 25-Feb-2024
Source: Online ahead of print
Journal title: eJHaem
Department: Pathology
Abstract: Abstract Polatuzumab vedotin (Pola) is an approved therapy in combination with rituximab and bendamustine for relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (RR-DLBCL) based on positive results of the landmark phase II randomised G029365 trial. However, trial results for many approved novel therapies in RR-DLBCL have not been replicated in routine care cohorts, as RR-DLBCL patient populations are heterogeneous and trial eligibility is increasingly restrictive. We evaluated outcomes from pola ± bendamustine and rituximab in patients with RR-DLBCL enrolled in a compassionate access program with no alternative treatment options identified via the Australasian Lymphoma and Related Diseases Registry according to their eligibility for the original phase II published study. Of 58 eligible patients, 74% met the criteria deeming them ineligible for the G029365 original study at the time of pola's commencement. Median progression-free survival and overall survival in our cohort were 2.3 and 3.5 months, respectively. In contrast to the landmark trial cohort, more of our patients ceased therapy prior to completion, the majority due to progressive disease and only 8/58 received any subsequent treatment. Dismal outcomes in this Australian real-world population demonstrate trial eligibility is challenging to meet, and newer treatments can be difficult to deliver in routine care. Clinically applicable results from therapeutic studies require trial cohorts to reflect representative clinical populations wherever possible, and more research is required to address the benefit of novel agents in the increasing majority who are ineligible for modern studies.
Publicaton type: Journal Article
Keywords: Cancer
Appears in Collections:Haematology

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