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Title: Accuracy and Reliability of Multiphase CTA Perfusion for Identifying Ischemic Core
Authors: Evans, James W ;Reid, M.;Famuyide, A.O.;Forkert, N.D.;Sahand Talai, A.;Sitaram, A.;Hafeez, M.;Najm, M.;Menon, B.K.;Demchuk, A.;Goyal, M.;Gupta Sah, R.
Affliation: Central Coast Local Health District
Gosford Hospital
Issue Date: Aug-2018
Source: 29(3):543-552
Journal title: Clinical neuroradiology
Department: Neuroscience
Abstract: PURPOSE: Acute stroke treatment requires simple, quick and accurate detection of early ischemic changes to facilitate treatment decisions guided by published selection criteria. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy and reliability of multiphase computed tomography angiography (mCTA) perfusion hypoattenuation for detecting early severe ischemia. METHODS: Non-contrast CT (NCCT), mCTA for regional leptomeningeal score (mCTA-rLMC), and mCTA perfusion lesion visibility (mCTA-arterial and mCTA-venous) were assessed blinded to clinical information in patients treated with endovascular therapy (EVT). The extent of early ischemia defined by regions of hypoattenuation was evaluated by the Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS). The ASPECTS scores were dichotomized based on the American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines for EVT selection, ASPECTS >/=6 vs. <6. The diagnostic accuracy was calculated by comparison to 24-h magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or CT ASPECTS. Inter-observer reliability of NCCT and mCTA ASPECTS was evaluated. Machine learning models were used to predict the clinical follow-up outcome, e.g. National Institutes of Health Stroke scale (NIHSS) and modified Rankin scale (mRS) from baseline imaging data and patient information. RESULTS: A total of 89 acute stroke patients (68+/- 15 years of age) were analyzed (33 TICI-0, 56 TICI-2b or 3). Median baseline NIHSS was 17. The mCTA-venous had a large effect on accurately identifying early ischemia when dichotomized for ASPECTS >/=6 vs <6 (likelihood ratio [LR+]> 10 vs. [LR-]< 0.29) compared to the moderate effect of NCCT ([LR+]= 6.7; [LR-]= 0.56) and mCTA-rLMC [(LR+= 8.0; (LR-)= 0.83)]. The inter-observer reliability in mCTA-venous was almost perfect for all ASPECTS regions except the internal capsule. The machine learning support factor regression model identified mCTA-venous as the most important imaging covariate for predicting 24-h NIHSS and 90-day mRS. CONCLUSION: The assessment of mCTA-venous permits a more accurate detection of early ischemia than NCCT and mCTA-rLMC score and is predictive of clinical outcome. We would recommend the inclusion of mCTA perfusion lesion in future endovascular trials aiming at extending current AHA guidelines for EVT in stroke patients with low ASPECTS.
DOI: 10.1007/s00062-018-0717-x
ISSN: 1869-1439
Publicaton type: Journal Article
Keywords: Neurology
Appears in Collections:Neurology

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