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Title: Immunocompromised patients with metastatic cutaneous nodal squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: Poor outcome unrelated to the index lesion
Authors: Lam, Johnson K S ;Sundaresan, P.;Veness, M.J.;Gebski, V.
Affliation: Central Coast Local Health District
Gosford Hospital
Issue Date: May-2018
Source: 40(5):985-992
Journal title: Head & neck
Department: Radiation Oncology
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Immunocompromised patients with metastatic cutaneous nodal head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) have worse outcomes compared to the immunocompetent. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of the primary cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), nodal pathology, and outcome between these 2 groups. METHODS: Analysis of a prospective database was performed. A 2:1 pooled analysis selected 46 immunocompetent patients matched with 23 immunocompromised patients. Overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: No significant difference was found in the primary tumor characteristics between the 2 groups. In the immunocompromised group, RFS (hazard ratio [HR] 2.70; P = .01) and OS (HR 2.32; P = .04) were significantly worse. Extracapsular spread was present in 100% of the immunocompromised patients. CONCLUSION: No significant difference was identified in the primary cutaneous SCC between the immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients. Immunosuppression predicted worse outcome.
DOI: 10.1002/hed.25069
ISSN: 1043-3074
Publicaton type: Journal Article
Keywords: Cancer
Appears in Collections:Oncology / Cancer

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