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Title: Periprosthetic proximal femoral fractures in cemented and uncemented stems according to Vancouver classification: observation of a new fracture pattern
Authors: Karam, James ;Campbell, Paul ;Desai, Shivang ;Hunter, Michael 
Affliation: Central Coast Local Health District
Gosford Hospital
Issue Date: Mar-2020
Source: 15(1):100
Journal title: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Department: Orthopaedics & Trauma Surgery
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic fractures are increasingly encountered in hip arthroplasty. The Vancouver classification system is widely used. Little knowledge exists regarding the association of the Vancouver classification with either cemented or uncemented stems. The aim was to analyse a series of fractures and determine associations. METHODS: A series of consecutive patients over 8 years was identified including only post-operative fractures of primary hip arthroplasties. Baseline and radiographic characteristics were recorded including the type of stem fixation (cemented or uncemented) and Vancouver classification. Statistical analysis was performed to determine the association of the Vancouver classification between cemented and uncemented stems. RESULTS: A total of 172 patients were identified (84 cemented stems, 88 uncemented stems). There were 30 Vancouver A fractures (12 cemented vs.18 uncemented, p > 0.05), 125 Vancouver B fractures (63 cemented vs. 62 uncemented, p > 0.05) and 17 Vancouver C fractures (9 cemented vs. 8 uncemented, p > 0.05). The Vancouver B2 fracture occurred most frequently (N = 95; 44 cemented vs. 51 uncemented, p > 0.05) and consists of four distinct fracture patterns: the previously described comminuted 'burst', clamshell and spiral patterns and the newly observed 'reverse' clamshell. The burst and spiral fracture patterns are significantly associated with cemented stems, and the clamshell pattern is significantly associated with uncemented stems. CONCLUSIONS: Vancouver A, B and C fractures occur equally in cemented and uncemented stems. Awareness of four distinct Vancouver B2 fracture patterns, including the newly observed reverse clamshell, will aid surgeons in predicting stem instability.
DOI: 10.1186/s13018-020-01619-4
ISSN: 1749-799x
Publicaton type: Journal Article
Keywords: Orthopaedics
Appears in Collections:Health Service Research

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