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Title: A cost-consequence analysis of normalised advance care planning practices among people with chronic diseases in hospital and community settings
Authors: Cleasby, Peter A ;Barrett, Tomiko ;Jeong, S.;Ok Ohr, S.;Davey, R.;Deeming, S.
Affliation: Central Coast Local Health District
The University of Newcastle
Wyong Hospital
Issue Date: Jul-2021
Source: 21(1):729
Journal title: BMC Health Services Research
Department: Aged Care
Abstract: Background: A growing body of international literature concurs that comprehensive and complex Advance Care Planning (ACP) programs involving specially qualified or trained healthcare professionals are effective in increasing documentation of Advance Care Directives (ACDs), improving compliance with patients' wishes and satisfaction with care, and quality of care for patients and their families. Economic analyses of ACDs and ACP have been more sporadic and inconclusive. This study aimed to contribute to the evidence on resource use associated with implementation of ACP and to inform key decision-makers of the resource implications through the conduct of a cost-consequence analysis of the Normalised Advance Care Planning (NACP) trial. Methods: The outcomes for the economic evaluation included the number of completed "legally binding" ACDs and the number of completed Conversation Cards (CC). The cost analysis assessed the incremental difference in resource utilisation between Usual Practice and the Intervention. Costs have been categorised into: 1) Contract staff costs; 2) Costs associated with the development of the intervention; 3) Implementation costs; 4) Intervention (delivery) costs; and 5) Research costs. Results: The cost incurred for each completed ACD was A$13,980 in the hospital setting and A$1248 in the community setting. The cost incurred for each completed Conversation Card was A$7528 in the hospital setting and A$910 in the community setting. Conclusions: The cost-consequence analysis does not support generalisation of the specified intervention within the hospital setting. The trial realised an estimated incremental cost per completed ACD of $1248, within the community setting. This estimate provides an additional benchmark against which decision-makers can assess the value of either 1) this approach towards the realisation of additional completed ACDs; and/or 2) the value of ACP and ACDs more broadly, when this estimate is positioned within the potential health outcomes and downstream health service implications that may arise for people with or without a completed ACD.
DOI: 10.1186/s12913-021-06749-x
Publicaton type: Journal Article
Keywords: Disease Management
Appears in Collections:Health Service Research

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