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Title: Smoking and quitting characteristics of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women of reproductive age: findings from the Which Way? study
Authors: Kennedy, Michelle;Barrett, Eden;Heris, Christina;Mersha, Amanual;Chamberlain, Catherine;Hussein, Paul ;Longbottom, Hayley;Bacon, Shanell ;Maddox, Raglan
Affliation: Central Coast Local Health District
Gosford Hospital
Wyong Hospital
Issue Date: Jul-2022
Source: 217 Suppl 2, S6–S18
Journal title: Medical Journal of Australia
Department: Public Health
Abstract: To describe smoking characteristics, quitting behaviour and other factors associated with longest quit attempt and the use of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and stop-smoking medication (SSM) in a population of Indigenous Australian women of reproductive age. A national cross-sectional survey of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women aged 16-49 years who were smokers or ex-smokers was conducted online during the period July to October 2020. Quitting experience: attempt to cut down, time since last quit attempt, longest period without smoking, attempt to cut down during last quit attempt, any use of NRT and/or SSM. Most of the 428 participating women (302 [70.6%]) reported using an Aboriginal health service. Younger women (16-20-year-olds) smoked fewer cigarettes daily (24/42 [57.1%], 0-5 cigarettes per day), waited longer to smoke after waking (20/42 [47.6%], > 60 minutes after waking), and were categorised as low smoking dependency compared with those aged 35 years and over. One-third of women (153 [35.7%]) had ever used NRT and/or SSM. A greater proportion of older women (35-49-year-olds) had sustained a quit attempt for years (62/149 [45.6%]) and reported trying NRT and/or SSM (78/149 [52.4%]) than women in younger age groups. Quitting suddenly rather than gradually was significantly associated with sustained abstinence (prevalence ratio, 1.27 [95% CI, 1.10-1.48]). Among women who had never used NRT or SSM, most (219/275 [79.6%]) reported reasons for this in the category of attitudes and beliefs. NRT and SSM use was also more likely among women who were confident talking to their doctor about quitting (odds ratio, 2.50 [95% CI, 1.23-5.10]) and those who received most of their information from a health professional (odds ratio, 1.71 [95% CI, 1.11-2.63]). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women want to quit smoking and are making attempts to quit. Quitting suddenly, rather than reducing cigarette consumption, is associated with increased sustained abstinence. Health providers can enable access and uptake of NRT and/or SSM and should recognise that NRT and/or SSM use may change over time. Consistent messaging, frequent offers of smoking cessation support, and access to a range of smoking cessation supports should be provided to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women to enable them to be smoke-free.
DOI: 10.5694/mja2.51630
Publicaton type: Journal Article
Keywords: Public Health
Appears in Collections:Public Health / Health Promotion

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