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Title: Does Collaboration between General Practitioners and Pharmacists Improve Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Authors: Chaudhri, Kanika;Caleres, Gabriella;Saunders, Samantha ;Michail, Peter;Di Tanna, Gian Luca;Lung, Thomas;Liu, Hueiming;Joshi, Rohina
Affliation: Central Coast Local Health District
Gosford Hospital
Issue Date: 23-Feb-2023
Source: 8(1):7
Journal title: Global Heart
Department: Medicine
Abstract: To assess whether inter-professional, bidirectional collaboration between general practitioners (GPs) and pharmacists has an impact on improving cardiovascular risk outcomes among patients in the primary care setting. It also aimed to understand the different types of collaborative care models used. Systematic review and Hartung-Knapp-Sidik-Jonkman random effects meta-analyses of randomised control trials (RCTs) in inter-professional bidirectional collaboration between GP and pharmacists assessing a change of patient cardiovascular risk in the primary care setting. MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, CINAHL and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, scanned reference lists of relevant studies, hand searched key journals and key papers until August 2021. Twenty-eight RCTs were identified. Collaboration was associated with significant reductions in systolic and diastolic blood pressure (23 studies, 5,620 participants) of -6.42 mmHg (95% confidence interval (95%CI) -7.99 to -4.84) and -2.33 mmHg (95%CI -3.76 to -0.91), respectively. Changes in other cardiovascular risk factors included total cholesterol (6 studies, 1,917 participants) -0.26 mmol/L (95%CI -0.49 to -0.03); low-density lipoprotein (8 studies, 1,817 participants) -0.16 mmol/L (95%CI -0.63 to 0.32); high-density lipoprotein (7 studies, 1,525 participants) 0.02 mmol/L (95%CI -0.02 to 0.07). Reduction in haemoglobin A1c (HbA1C) (10 studies, 2,025 participants), body mass index (8 studies, 1,708 participants) and smoking cessation (1 study, 132 participants) was observed with GP-pharmacist collaboration. Meta-analysis was not conducted for these changes. Various models of collaborative care included verbal communication (via phone calls or face to face), and written communication (emails, letters). We found that co-location was associated with positive changes in cardiovascular risk factors. Although it is clear that collaborative care is ideal compared to usual care, greater details in the description of the collaborative model of care in studies is required for a core comprehensive evaluation of the different models of collaboration.
DOI: 10.5334/gh.1184
Publicaton type: Journal Article
Keywords: Cardiovascular Disease
Heart Disease
Study or Trial: Reviews/Systematic Reviews
Appears in Collections:Cardiology

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