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Title: Evaluating the scaling up of an effective implementation intervention (PACE) to increase the delivery of a mandatory physical activity policy in primary schools
Authors: Hall, Alix;Lane, Cassandra;Wolfenden, Luke;Wiggers, John;Sutherland, Rachel;McCarthy, Nicole;Jackson, Rebecca;Shoesmith, Adam;Lecathelinais, Christophe;Reeves, Penny;Bauman, Adrian;Gillham, Karen;Boyer, James;Naylor, Patti-Jean;Kerr, Nicola ;Kajons, Nicole ;Nathan, Nicole
Affliation: Central Coast Local Health District
Gosford Hospital
Issue Date: 6-Sep-2023
Source: 20(1):106
Journal title: The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity.
Department: Health Promotion
Abstract: Physically Active Children in Education (PACE) is an effective implementation intervention for increasing the number of minutes classroom teachers schedule physical activity each week. To date, evaluations of PACE have included a smaller number of schools from only one region in New South Wales Australia. If PACE is to have population-wide benefits we must be able to deliver this support to a larger number of schools across multiple regions. This study aimed to evaluate the scale-up of PACE. An uncontrolled before and after study, with 100 schools from three regions was conducted. Participating schools received PACE for approximately 12 months. We assessed the following outcomes: delivery of the evidence-based intervention (EBI) (i.e. minutes of physical activity scheduled by classroom teachers per week); delivery of the implementation strategies (i.e. reach, dose delivered, adherence and indicators of sustainability); and key determinants of implementation (i.e. acceptability of strategies and cost). Data were collected via project officer records, and principal and teacher surveys. Linear mixed models were used to assess EBI delivery by evaluating the difference in the mean minutes teachers scheduled physical activity per week from baseline to follow-up. Descriptive data were used to assess delivery of the implementation strategies and their perceived acceptability (i.e. PACE). A prospective, trial-based economic evaluation was used to assess cost. Delivery of the EBI was successful: teachers increas their average minutes of total physical activity scheduled across the school week by 26.8 min (95% CI: 21.2, 32.4, p < 0.001) after receiving PACE. Indicators for delivery of implementation strategies were high: 90% of consenting schools received all strategies and components (reach); 100% of strategies were delivered by the provider (dose); >50% of schools adhered to the majority of strategies (11 of the 14 components); and acceptability was > 50% agreement for all strategies. The incremental cost per additional minute of physical activity scheduled per week was $27 per school (Uncertainty Interval $24, $31). PACE can be successfully delivered across multiple regions and to a large number of schools. Given the ongoing and scalable benefits of PACE, it is important that we continue to extend and improve this program while considering ways to reduce the associated cost.
DOI: 10.1186/s12966-023-01498-y
Publicaton type: Journal Article
Keywords: Public Health
Appears in Collections:Public Health / Health Promotion

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