Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1/2044
Title: Transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate needle biopsy remains a safe method in confirming a prostate cancer diagnosis: a multicentre Australian analysis of infection rates
Authors: Louie-Johnsun, Mark ;Parkin, Cameron J ;Gilbourd, D.;Grills, R.;Chapman, S.;Weinstein, S.;Joshi, N.;Indrajit, B.;Kam, J.;Smilovic, T.;Shepherd, A.;Gikenye, N.
Affliation: Central Coast Local Health District
Gosford Hospital
Issue Date: Oct-2021
Source: 40(2):453-458
Journal title: World Journal of Urology
Department: Urology
Abstract: PURPOSE: Worldwide, transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate needle remains the most common method of diagnosing prostate cancer. Due to high infective complications reported, some have suggested it is now time to abandon this technique in preference of a trans-perineal approach. The aim of this study was to report on the infection rates following transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate needle biopsy in multiple Australian centres. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected from seven Australian centres across four states and territories that undertake transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate needle biopsies for the diagnosis of prostate cancer, including major metropolitan and regional centres. In four centres, the data were collected prospectively. Rates of readmissions due to infection, urosepsis resulting in intensive care admission and mortality were recorded. RESULTS: 12,240 prostate biopsies were performed in seven Australian centres between July 1998 and December 2020. There were 105 readmissions for infective complications with rates between centres ranging from 0.19 to 2.60% and an overall rate of 0.86%. Admission to intensive care with sepsis ranged from 0 to 0.23% and overall 0.03%. There was no mortality in the 12,240 cases. CONCLUSION: Infective complications following transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate needle biopsies are very low, occurring in less than 1% of 12,240 biopsies. Though this study included a combination of both prospective and retrospective data and did not offer a comparison with a trans-perineal approach, TRUS prostate biopsy is a safe means of obtaining a prostate cancer diagnosis. Further prospective studies directly comparing the techniques are required prior to abandoning TRUS based upon infectious complications.
URI: https://elibrary.cclhd.health.nsw.gov.au/cclhdjspui/handle/1/2044
DOI: 10.1007/s00345-021-03862-8
Pubmed: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34674018/
ISSN: 0724-4983
Publicaton type: Journal Article
Keywords: Cancer
Infection
Study or Trial: Multicentre Studies
Appears in Collections:Oncology / Cancer

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