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Title: Volumetric response and pattern of failure of histone altered high grade glioma in adults following management with radiation therapy
Authors: Knight, A;Horsley, P;Yuile, A;Yim, J;Suh, M;Venketesha, V;Kastelan, M;Wheeler, H;Back, Michael 
Affliation: Central Coast Local Health District
Gosford Hospital
Issue Date: May-2023
Source: 163(1):281-288
Journal title: Journal of Neuro-Oncology
Department: Radiation Oncology
Abstract: H3K27M- and H3G34R-mutant gliomas are recently-classified subgroups of high-grade gliomas (HGGs) affecting younger adults. This study aimed to describe patterns of infiltration and failure, and the volumetric response of these tumours to radiotherapy. Patients with histone-mutant gliomas aged 16-50 years, managed from 2009 to 2021 were identified and clinical, radiological and histopathological characteristics collected. Tumour volume was assessed on MRI at diagnosis, pre-radiotherapy, month + 1, + 3 and + 5 post-radiation and at relapse. Of 538 IDH1/2 wild-type HGGs, 18(15%) had a histone alteration. Eleven were H3K27M- and 7 H3G34R-mutant respectively. Median age at diagnosis was 20 years (range17-48 years). Median overall survival was 20 months (95%CI 14-29 months). Both H3K27M- and H3G34R-mutant tumours exhibited extensive T2F infiltration involving a median of 4 neuroanatomical subsites at diagnosis. Median volume of disease pre-radiotherapy on T1gd and T2F respectively was 0.5cm3 (IQR:0-1.7cm3) and 11.9 cm3 (IQR:7.5-29.6cm3) for H3K27M and 0.9cm3 (IQR:0-8.4cm3) and 43.8cm3 (IQR:25.2-86.6 cm3) for H3G34R tumours. T2F volume reduction > 50% was observed 3-months post-IMRT in 7(64%) patients with H3K27M and 1(14%) with H3G34R tumours. Fourteen patients had relapsed. Relapse was local-only, distant-only and both in 4(44%), 3(33%) and 2(22%) H3K27M-mutant and 1(20%), 2(40%), and 2(40%) H3G34R-mutant tumours. On last scan before death, leptomeningeal spread was present in 4/8(50%) and 1/5(20%) and subependymal spread in 4/8 (50%) and 0/5 H3K27M- and G34R-mutant cases respectively. H3K27M-mutant gliomas are highly responsive to radiotherapy but exhibit high propensity for subsequent leptomeningeal and subependymal spread. H3G34R-mutant tumours exhibit lesser early volumetric response to radiotherapy and propensity for distant in-brain failure.
DOI: 10.1007/s11060-023-04332-4
Publicaton type: Journal Article
Keywords: Radiology
Appears in Collections:Oncology / Cancer

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