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Title: Effects of oxygen breathing and Erythropoietin on Hypoxic Vasodilation in Uremic Anemia
Authors: Roger, Simon D ;Grasty, Marianne ;Baker, Laurence ;Raine, Anthony 
Issue Date: Oct-1992
Source: Volume 42, Issue 4, pp. 975-980
Journal title: Kidney International
Abstract: Loss of hypoxic vasodilation has been proposed as a causative factor in the development of hypertension in dialysis patients treated with recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO). Venous occlusion plethysmography was therefore performed on 22 dialysis patients (aged 23 to 71 years, dialysis duration 6 to 260 months, 8 males) before and after correction of anemia with rHuEPO, 50 U/kg 3x/week (Hb: 7.4 +/- 0.3 vs. 10.8 +2- 0.3 g/dl, P less than 0.0001). Hypertension (greater than 15 mm Hg rise in mean BP) occurred in 11 patients. The study was performed while breathing room air and repeated after breathing 60% O2 for 10 to 12 minutes. Before rHuEPO therapy, total blood O2 content increased from 10.01 +/- 0.39 to 10.32 +/- 0.29 ml O2/100 ml blood with breathing 60% O2 (P less than 0.01). After correction of anemia it was 14.65 +/- 0.40 ml O2/100 ml blood on room air (P less than 0.001). There was a significant decrease in forearm blood flow (7.9 +/- 0.5 vs. 6.5 +/- 0.6 ml/min/100 ml tissue, P less than 0.05) and increase in forearm vascular resistance (12.8 +/- 0.1 vs. 16.8 +/- 0.2 mm Hg/ml/min/100 ml tissue, P less than 0.05) with O2 breathing prior to rHuEPO therapy in the blood pressure responders, but no change in these parameters in the group in which blood pressure remained unchanged. When all patients were studied on room air, forearm vascular resistance rose significantly after correction of anemia (13.0 +/- 0.8 vs. 16.3 +/- 0.8 mm Hg/ml/min/100 ml tissue, P less than 0.05), compared with that prior to rHuEPO therapy.
DOI: 10.1038/ki.1992.376
ISSN: 0085-2538
Publicaton type: Journal Article
Keywords: Drug Therapy
Kidney Disease
Appears in Collections:Renal Medicine

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